Journal of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology of Shandong University ›› 2022, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 13-18.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1673-3770.0.2021.551

• 研究进展 • Previous Articles    

Effect of higher-order aberrations on visual quality after cataract intraocular lens implantation

HUANG ZiyanOverview,DUAN GuopingGuidance   

  1. Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University/Hunan Provincial People's Hospital, Changsha 410005, Hunan, China
  • Published:2022-12-07

Abstract: With the development of cataract surgery technology and continuous improvement in people's requirements for a better quality of life, traditional cataract surgery has been changed to refractive surgery. High-order aberrations, including spherical aberrations, comas, and trefoil aberrations, are important factors affecting visual quality—they represent different optical characteristics that could be affected by various aspects. The use of an aspheric intraocular lens improves visual quality by compensating for the spherical aberration and reducing total higher-order aberrations. To that end, the choice regarding the use of multifocal or monofocal intraocular lenses should consider the patients' demands and the preoperative evaluation. Moreover, treatments for complications regarding multifocal intraocular lenses should also be explored. We reviewed the mechanisms of higher-order aberrations, the relationship between higher-order aberrations and visual quality, and the effects of different types of intraocular lenses on high-order aberrations. This paper aimed to provide a new reference for individualized intraocular lens selection in patients with cataract in order to provide better visual quality to the patients.

Key words: Cataract, Visual quality, Intraocular lens, High-order aberration

CLC Number: 

  • R776.1
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