山东大学耳鼻喉眼学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 56-60.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1673-3770.1.2020.077

• 临床研究 • 上一篇    

头晕眩晕与眼震强度的关系研究

邓巧媚1,王巍1,2,温超1,刘强1,毛翔1,韩曦2,李姗姗2,陈太生1,徐开旭1,2,林鹏1,2   

  1. 耳鼻咽喉科学)天津市耳鼻喉科质量控制中心, 天津 300192
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-06 发布日期:2020-11-17
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(81971698)

Study of the relationship of dizziness and vertigo sensations with the nystagmus intensity

To explore the relationship between dizziness-vertigo and nystagmus intensity, according to the nystagmus accompanied by dizziness and/or vertigo during caloric test. MethodsThe relationship between dizziness and vertigo sensations and nystagmus intensity was analyzed in 399 patients with peripheral vestibular disorders,who underwent routine caloric test. The nystagmus intensity is as an index, accompanied by dizziness and/or vertigo sensations induced during caloric test. ResultsWarm and cold stimulation induced dizziness and vertigo and associated nystagmus overall analysis, the intensity of nystagmus was always greater than that of dizziness when vertigo occurred. The nystagmus thresholds for dizziness and vertigo induced by warm and cold air stimulation in the left ears were 4.2°/s and 5.9°/s for cold, 4.2°/s and 8°/s for warm, in the right ears were 4.6°/s and 6.2°/s for cold, 5.3°/s and 6.5°/s for warm, respectively. Three hundred ninety nine patients were subjected to alternating warm and cold stimulation in both ears for a total of 1596 times, which induced dizziness 513 times(32.14%), of which 312 times only dizziness and 201 times vertigo ten seconds after dizziness. Vertigo was induced 906 times(56.77%), of which 705 occurred directly without transitioning from dizziness to vertigo, and another 201 times vertigo occurred after ten seconds of dizziness; 378(23.68%)times did not induce dizziness and vertigo. ConclusionsVertigo corresponds to a higher nystagmus intensity threshold than dizziness, with patients showing dizziness when the nystagmus is weak and vertigo when it is stronger. Warm and cold air stimulation induced nystagmus intensity from weak to strong, and from dizziness to vertigo sensations induced at the same time, suggesting that the symptoms of dizziness and vertigo are related to the asymmetric between the two vestibular tension.   

  1. Key words: Vertigo;
    Dizziness;
    Nystagmus;
    Caloric test;
    Slow phase velocity
  • Received:2020-08-06 Published:2020-11-17

摘要: 目的 通过冷热试验诱发头晕和/或眩晕时的眼震强度,探讨头晕眩晕与眼震强度的关系。 方法 对399例前庭周围性疾病患者进行常规冷热试验检查,以双耳冷热气刺激诱发出头晕和/或眩晕感时的眼震强度为指标,比较分析头晕及眩晕感与眼震强度的关系。 结果 冷热刺激诱发头晕眩晕及关联眼震总体分析,出现眩晕时的眼震强度总是大于头晕。左右耳冷热气刺激诱发头晕、眩晕的眼震阈值分别为:左耳冷4.2°/s、5.9°/s,左耳热4.2°/s、8°/s,右耳冷4.6°/s、6.2°/s,右耳热5.3°/s、 6.5°/s。399例患者进行双耳冷热交替刺激,共计1 596次试验,诱发出头晕513次(32.14%),其中312次仅有头晕、201次在头晕后10 s左右还出现眩晕;诱发出眩晕906次(56.77%),其中705次直接出现眩晕,无从头晕向眩晕进行过渡,另201次眩晕出现在头晕10 s左右之后;未引出头晕眩晕378次(23.68%)。 结论 眩晕对应的眼震强度阈高于头晕,眼震较弱时患者表现为头晕,较强时则呈现眩晕。冷热气刺激诱发眼震强度由弱到强及同时存在的由头晕到眩晕现象,提示头晕眩晕症状与两侧前庭张力差的大小相关。

关键词: 眩晕, 头晕, 眼震, 冷热试验, 慢相角速度

Abstract: Objective To explore the relationship between dizziness-vertigo and nystagmus intensity, according to the nystagmus accompanied by dizziness and/or vertigo during caloric test. Methods The relationship between dizziness and vertigo sensations and nystagmus intensity was analyzed in 399 patients with peripheral vestibular disorders,who underwent routine caloric test. The nystagmus intensity is as an index, accompanied by dizziness and/or vertigo sensations induced during caloric test. Results Warm and cold stimulation induced dizziness and vertigo and associated nystagmus overall analysis, the intensity of nystagmus was always greater than that of dizziness when vertigo occurred. The nystagmus thresholds for dizziness and vertigo induced by warm and cold air stimulation in the left ears were 4.2°/s and 5.9°/s for cold, 4.2°/s and 8°/s for warm, in the right ears were 4.6°/s and 6.2°/s for cold, 5.3°/s and 6.5°/s for warm, respectively. Three hundred ninety nine patients were subjected to alternating warm and cold stimulation in both ears for a total of 1596 times, which induced dizziness 513 times(32.14%), of which 312 times only dizziness and 201 times vertigo ten seconds after dizziness. Vertigo was induced 906 times(56.77%), of which 705 occurred directly without transitioning from dizziness to vertigo, and another 201 times vertigo occurred after ten seconds of dizziness; 378(23.68%)times did not induce dizziness and vertigo. Conclusions Vertigo corresponds to a higher nystagmus intensity threshold than dizziness, with patients showing dizziness when the nystagmus is weak and vertigo when it is stronger. Warm and cold air stimulation induced nystagmus intensity from weak to strong, and from dizziness to vertigo sensations induced at the same time, suggesting that the symptoms of dizziness and vertigo are related to the asymmetric between the two vestibular tension.

Key words: Vertigo, Dizziness, Nystagmus, Caloric test, Slow phase velocity

中图分类号: 

  • R764
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